What Is Garden Ecology? A Beginner’s Guide to Gardening

A garden is an organized space, normally enclosed for the exclusive cultivation, display, and appreciation of various types of flora and other living things. The single most distinguishing feature defining even the wildest most unmanageable garden is absolute control over its growth. A garden may include both synthetic and organic materials. Synthetic material might include grassy surfaces, soil, timber, and the like.


In most gardens, the use of synthetic materials and non-organic matter is highly discouraged. Organic matter is those elements which are derived from living things and thus contain carbon compounds that make up plant matter. All these matter must be kept in balance to maintain a healthy and viable garden. A lot of effort goes into organic gardening since it involves more work, time and dedication, unlike synthetic gardening that just needs little maintenance.

Gardening can be broadly classified into two – formal and informal methods. Formal gardening is what we usually visualize when we hear of “garden”. Formal gardens are carefully planned and designed using well-defined design principles. They generally require less water and utilize more of the earth’s resources such as sunlight, soil fertility, soil hardness, etc. Plants grown in formal gardens are usually taller than those grown in informal ones. This is to facilitate air circulation which helps to keep the herbs more cooler during hot weather.

Informal gardens on the other hand are characterized by the open-air appearance, where plants are grown in small spaces without the use of any form of structure or covering. They can be located outdoors or inside buildings such as houses or storage facilities. This class of garden has been increasing at an ever-increasing rate. It can be characterized by small-sized containers filled with soil where herbs and vegetables can be grown in abundance. These gardens can be found in public places such as schools, offices, homes, parks and gardens.

It is important to remember that whatever type of gardening you prefer, you should be able to get all the nutrients you need from the soil. Sunlight is crucial for all plants to grow. If your garden does not get sufficient amount of sunlight it will have limited growth and yield. There are different ways to ensure that you are getting enough sunlight.

Sunlight requirements of each plant can be met by covering the plants with a straw hat or covering them with tarps if you do not have a straw hat. But if you want your garden to be shady then you can mix ground limestone or sand into your soil and place the pots on top of it. This will help the soil retain more moisture thus allowing your plants to grow well even during the hot summer months.