What Are Garden Design Goals?
A garden is an organized space, usually outside, set aside for your enjoyment, display, and cultivation of various types of flora and other organic plants. The single most distinguishing feature defining a wild garden is natural control. The gardener wants to foster biodiversity by allowing natural processes to take their course without interference. The garden may include both synthetic and natural materials. Each type of material has its own purpose and place in the garden.
The flower garden creates interest through color, texture, form, size and arrangement. Flowers should be chosen carefully to match the surroundings. The flowers should be kept at different heights, varying from barely visible to heights that will create interest with their fragrance. The height of the plants should be such that they can get full sunlight and enjoy plenty of fresh air.
Another essential element of a wild and native garden design is the creation of shade. A garden should allow varying temperatures of the sun to fully develop without being obstructed. In many tropical countries, native plants are used to create shade in the tropical gardens.
Different species of shrubs provide shade in different areas. These plants should also be chosen carefully to create a look that is complimentary to the surroundings. The gardener should select plants that have contrasting colors to further complicate the appearance of the garden. Different types of grasses add interest to the site as well. The gardener should choose the type of grass based on the location, amount of sunlight available and suitability for the climate and time of year.
Wildlife requires protection in most areas. A suitable layer of cover such as foliage, undergrowth or even rocks can provide a shelter for wildlife. Gardening is an activity that promote ecological relationships with nature, and the gardener should strive to build a garden that provides adequate protection for local wildlife. This can be achieved by planting broadleaf plants that are shade tolerant and do not compete with native plants for nutrients.
Many forms of natural remedy can also be used to improve the quality of life for both people and wildlife. Herbs can add to the overall beauty of the landscape, while also offering medicinal properties. Many herbs are suitable for use as soil additives and help maintain a healthy soil structure. They can also be used to create a focal point or to provide color to a feature. By incorporating gardening ideas into the design of the landscape, the gardener will be able to create a space that offers relaxation, beauty and convenience.